Книги жанра «Культурология» на букву «T»

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en: A B G H I K L M N P S T W Z
ru: А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И К Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш Щ Э Ю Я


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обложка книги The Black Swan: The Impact of the Highly Improbable The Black Swan: The Impact of the Highly Improbable

A BLACK SWAN is a highly improbable event with three principal characteristics: It is unpredictable; it carries a massive impact; and, after the fact, we concoct an explanation that makes it appear less random, and more predictable, than it was. The astonishing success of Google was a black swan; so was 9/11. For Nassim Nicholas Taleb, black swans underlie almost everything about our world, from the rise of religions to events in our own personal lives.

Why do we not acknowledge the phenomenon of black swans until after they occur? Part of the answer, according to Taleb, is that humans are hardwired to learn specifics when they should be focused on generalities. We concentrate on things we already know and time and time again fail to take into consideration what we don’t know. We are, therefore, unable to truly estimate opportunities, too vulnerable to the impulse to simplify, narrate, and categorize, and not open enough to rewarding those who can imagine the “impossible.”

For years, Taleb has studied how we fool ourselves into thinking we know more than we actually do. We restrict our thinking to the irrelevant and inconsequential, while large events continue to surprise us and shape our world. Now, in this revelatory book, Taleb explains everything we know about what we don’t know. He offers surprisingly simple tricks for dealing with black swans and benefiting from them.

Elegant, startling, and universal in its applications, The Black Swan will change the way you look at the world. Taleb is a vastly entertaining writer, with wit, irreverence, and unusual stories to tell. He has a polymathic command of subjects ranging from cognitive science to business to probability theory. The Black Swan is a landmark book—itself a black swan.

Nassim Nicholas Taleb has devoted his life to immersing himself in problems of luck, uncertainty, probability, and knowledge. Part literary essayist, part empiricist, part no-nonsense mathematical trader, he is currently taking a break by serving as the Dean’s Professor in the Sciences of Uncertainty at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. His last book, the bestseller Fooled by Randomness, has been published in twenty languages, Taleb lives mostly in New York.

Anatomy of a Black Swan—The triplet of opacity—Reading books backward—The rearview mirror—Everything becomes explainable—Always talk to the driver (with caution)—History doesn’t crawl; it jumps—“It was so unexpected”—Sleeping for twelve hours

Pink glasses and success—How Yevgenia stops marrying philosophers—I told you so

On the critical difference between speculators and prostitutes—Fairness, unfairness, and Black Swans—Theory of knowledge and professional incomes—How Extremistan is not the best place to visit, except, perhaps, if you are a winner

Surprise, surprise—Sophisticated methods for learning from the future—Sextus was always ahead—The main idea is not to be a sucker—Let us move to Mediocristan, if we can find it

I have so much evidence—Can Zoogles be (sometimes) Boogies?—Corroboration shmorroboration—Popper’s idea

The cause of the because—How to split a brain—Effective methods of pointing at the ceiling—Dopamine will help you win—I will stop riding motorcycles (but not today)—Both empirical and psychologist? Since when?

How to avoid watercoolers—Select your brother-in-law—Yevgenia’s favorite book—What deserts can and cannot deliver—On the avoidance of hope—El desierto de los tártaros—The virtues of slow motion

The Diagoras problem—How Black Swans make their way out of history books—Methods to help you avoid drowning—The drowned do not usually vote—We should all be stockbrokers—Do silent witnesses count?—Casanova’s étoile—New York is “so invincible”

Lunch at Lake Como (west)—The military as philosophers—Plato’s randomness

Welcome to Sydney—How many lovers did she have?—How to be an economist, wear a nice suit, and make friends—Not right, just “almost” right—Shallow rivers can have deep spots

Popper’s prediction about the predictors—Poincaré plays with billiard balls—Von Hayek is allowed to be irreverent—Anticipation machines—Paul Samuelson wants you to be rational—Beware the philosopher—Demand some certainties.

This is only an essay—Children and philosophers vs. adults and nonphilosophers—Science as an autistic enterprise—The past too has a past—Mispredict and live a long, happy life (if you survive)

You should charge people for advice—My two cents here—Nobody knows anything, but, at least, he knows it—Go to parties

I prefer Horowitz—How to fall from favor—The long tail—Get ready for some surprises—It’s not just money

Not worth a pastis—Quételet’s error—The average man is a monster—Let’s deify it—Yes or no—Not so literary an experiment

Mandelbrot’s library—Was Galileo blind?—Pearls to swine—Self-affinity—How the world can be complicated in a simple way, or, perhaps, simple in a very complicated way

What?—Anyone can become president—Alfred Nobel’s legacy—Those medieval days

Philosophers in the wrong places—Uncertainty about (mostly) lunch—What I don’t care about—Education and intelligence

The other half—Remember Apelles—When missing a train can be painful

Taleb Nassim Nicholas  
обложка книги The Columbia History of the American Novel The Columbia History of the American Novel

Путеводитель по истории американского романа, выполненный учёными Колумбийского университета.

Designed as a companion to The Columbia Literary History of the United States (LJ 1/88), this compilation of 31 major essays covers the American novel from the 1700s to the present (although the majority deal with the 20th century). Within each era, themes, genres, and topics such as realism, gender, romance, and technology are discussed in depth, as well as modern Canadian, Caribbean, and Latin American fiction. Unfortunately, each essayist selects only the authors who best illustrate his or her topic, thus subtly skewing the view of the literary scene at that time. Since women, minorities, popular fiction, and even the book marketplace are included, coverage is uneven, with some major figures getting short shrift. Best as a supplement to other sources, this is recommended for all literature and reference collections. - Shelley Cox, Southern Illinois Univ. Lib., Carbondale

Elliott Emory  
обложка книги The Columbia History of the British Novel The Columbia History of the British Novel

Путеводитель по истории английского романа, выполненный учёными Колумбийского университета.

Such standard texts as Ernest Baker's 11-volume History of the English Novel (1924-39) and Walter Allen's The English Novel (1955) were published many years ago. Those single-author opuses reflected their eras; the Columbia History, arranged chronologically, uses 39 essays by 39 scholars to present our own era's varied critical perspectives and to bring things up-to-date. Some essays are devoted to individual authors (e.g., Austen, Dickens), others to several authors (e.g., Amis, Snow, and Wilson), and still others to such topics as "The Gothic Novel, 1764–1824." Each essay has a brief selected bibliography; an appendix includes thumbnail sketches of 100 of the British novelists discussed. This excellent work is indispensable to any library supporting the study of English literature.

Richetti John  
The Global Community and The Need for Universal Responsibility

As the twentieth century draws to a close, we find that the world has grown smaller and the world's people have become almost one community. Political and military alliances have created large multinational groups, industry and international trade have produced a global economy, and worldwide communications are eliminating ancient barriers of distance, language and race. We are also being drawn together by the grave problems we face: overpopulation, dwindling natural resources, and an environmental crisis that threatens our air, water, and trees, along with the vast number of beautiful life forms that are the very foundation of existence on this small planet we share.

Gyatso Tenzin  
обложка книги The History of Australia and New Zealand from 1606 to 1890 The History of Australia and New Zealand from 1606 to 1890

Alexander Sutherland (1852–1902) was a Scottish-Australian educator, writer and philosopher. Sutherland did a large amount of literary work. He was responsible for the first volume only of Victoria and its Metropolis, published in 1888, an interesting history of the first 50 years of the state of Victoria. In 1890 he published Thirty Short Poems, the cultured verse of an experienced literary man, but his most important book was The Origin and Growth of the Moral Instinct, which appeared in 1898 in two volumes.

George Sutherland (1855–1905), a writer, was born in Scotland. He was taken to Australia in 1864 and graduated from the University of Melbourne. After teaching for some time he took up journalism and worked for the South Australian Register from 1881 to 1902, after which he joined the Melbourne Age. His works include: Tales of the Goldfields (1880), Australia; or, England in the South (1886), The South Australian Company (1898) and Twentieth Century Inventions (1901). With his brother, Alexander Sutherland, he wrote The History of Australia and New Zealand from 1606 to 1890 (1894), which attained a sale of 120,000 copies.

Sutherland Alexander, Sutherland George  
The history of Rome

The History of Rome by Theodor Mommsen, translated by William Purdie Dickson

Mommsen Theodor  
The History of Rome. Book II

The History of Rome by Theodor Mommsen, translated by William Purdie Dickson

Mommsen Theodor  
The History of Rome. Book III

The History of Rome by Theodor Mommsen, translated by William Purdie Dickson

Mommsen Theodor  
The history of Rome. Book IV

The History of Rome by Theodor Mommsen, translated by William Purdie Dickson

Mommsen Theodor  
The history of Rome. Book V

The History of Rome by Theodor Mommsen, translated by William Purdie Dickson

Mommsen Theodor  
обложка книги The Hotel Years The Hotel Years

The Hotel Years gathers sixty-four feuilletons: on hotels; pains and pleasures; personalities; and the deteriorating international situation of the 1930s. Never before translated into English, these pieces begin in Vienna just at the end of the First World War, and end in Paris near the outbreak of the Second World War. Roth, the great journalist of his day, needed journalism to survive: in his six-volume collected works in German, there are three of fiction and three of journalism. Beginning in 1921, Roth wrote mostly for the liberal Frankfurter Zeitung who sent him on assignments throughout Germany — the inflation, the occupation, political assassinations — and abroad, to the USSR, Italy, Poland and Albania. And always: “I celebrate my return to lobby and chandelier, porter and chambermaid.”

Roth Joseph  
обложка книги The Kiss of Death The Kiss of Death

Chagas’ disease has become one of the major public-health problems in Latin America. Current estimates are that sixteen to eighteen million people are infected. Caused by a flagellate protozoa carried to humans via the bite of the triatomine or vinchuca bug, it is locally referred to as the “kissing bug” because of its tendency to lodge on victims’ faces during sleep. The protozoa enters neuron tissues in the heart and other organs and causes death by irreversible cardiac and gastrointestinal lesions in thirty to forty percent of all cases, usually lying “dormant” until the debilitating chronic phase during the human host’s mid-life. Because of the long dormant phase, it has generally gone unrecognized, with chronic symptoms often attributed to other causes. Originally preying on forest animals, the vinchuca bug has infested the impoverished housing of displaced Andean migrants as forest lands and animals have been destroyed in South America. Although there is no cure for the chronic stage, the disease vectors can be controlled and possibly eliminated through improved hygiene and living conditions. No longer exclusive to Latin America, Chagas’ disease is spreading to North America and Europe with the migration of infected bugs, hosts, transfusions, and transplant organs.

The Kiss of Death is a thorough study of Chagas’ disease with analysis of research involving epidemiology, entomology, parasitology, pathology, and immunology. It emphasizes how humans have created environmental and social conditions for its spread; how Andeans have adapted culturally to the disease with changing conceptions of the body, adaptations to rituals, and herbal medicines; what factors are necessary to design a successful intervention project; and why understanding cultural belief systems is critical to prevention programs. The Kiss of Death also shows that traditional cultural forms can provide valuable strategies for dealing with disease prevention and treatment. This first book-length treatment in English reveals that an examination of Chagas’ disease is a warning of what happens as a result of environmental destruction and is an example of what might be done to prevent such tragedies in other parts of the world.

[Contain tables. Best viewed with CoolReader.]

Bastien Joseph William  
обложка книги The Slave Soul of Russia The Slave Soul of Russia

Why, asks Daniel Rancour-Laferriere in this controversial book, has Russia been a country of suffering? Russian history, religion, folklore, and literature are rife with suffering. The plight of Anna Karenina, the submissiveness of serfs in the 16th and 17th centuries, ancient religious tracts emphasizing humility as the mother of virtues, the trauma of the Bolshevik revolution, the current economic upheavals wracking the country—these are only a few of the symptoms of what The Slave Soul of Russia identifies as a veritable cult of suffering that has been centuries in the making.

Bringing to light dozens of examples of self-defeating activities and behaviors that have become an integral component of the Russian psyche, Rancour-Laferriere convincingly illustrates how masochism has become a fact of everyday life in Russia. Until now, much attention has been paid to the psychology of Russia’s leaders and their impact on the country’s condition. Here, for the first time, is a compelling portrait of the Russian people’s psychology.

Rancour-Laferriere Daniel  
обложка книги The Success and Failure of Picasso The Success and Failure of Picasso

At the height of his powers, Pablo Picasso was the artist as revolutionary, breaking through the niceties of form in order to mount a direct challenge to the values of his time. At the height of his fame, he was the artist as royalty: incalculably wealthy, universally idolized−and wholly isolated.

In this stunning critical assessment, John Berger−one of this century's most insightful cultural historians−trains his penetrating gaze upon this most prodigious and enigmatic painter and on the Spanish landscape and very particular culture that shpaed his life and work. Writing with a novelist's sensuous evocation of character and detail, and drawing on an erudition that embraces history, politics, and art, Berger follows Picasso from his childhood in Malaga to the Blue Period and Cubism, from the creation of Guernica to the pained etchings of his final years. He gives us the full measure of Picasso's triumphs and an unsparing reckoning of their cost−in exile, in loneliness, and in a desolation that drove him, in his last works, into an old man's furious and desperate frenzy at the beauty of what he could no longer create.

Berger John  
The Tipping Point Gladwell Malcolm  

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Новинки! Свежие поступления книг жанра «Культурология»

Новинки месяца жанра «Культурология»

  •  Быть княгиней. На балу и в будуаре
     Дашкова Екатерина Романовна, Головина Варвара Николаевна, Богданова Вероника, Ливен Дарья Христофоровна, Волконская Зинаида Александровна
     Наука, Образование, История, Культурология, Документальная литература, Биографии и Мемуары

    Пышные кринолины платьев могли достигать диаметра в несколько метров. Высота прически ограничивалась лишь одним – высотой кареты, в которой поедет знатная особа. Умывались далеко не каждый день, чтобы сохранить макияж, а под сотнями оборок платья девушки носили вовсе не элегантные туфли, а самые настоящие валенки, так как даже дворцы не отапливались. Даже княгиням в XVIII веке приходилось непросто, тем интереснее воспоминания величайших женщин своей эпохи, мудро и элегантно правящих бал и меняющих ход истории за чашкой чая.

    Как в совершенстве овладеть искусством плетения интриг? Как быть хозяйкой бала? Из чего складывалась жизнь княгини в XVIII веке? Читайте, и узнаете!

  •  Византия. Удивительная жизнь средневековой империи
     Херрин Джудит
     Наука, Образование, История, Культурология

    Уникальная книга профессора лондонского Королевского колледжа Джудит Херрин посвящена тысячелетней истории Восточной Римской империи – от основания Константинополя до его захвата турками-османами в 1453 году. Авторитетный исследователь предлагает новый взгляд на противостояние Византийской империи и Западного мира, раскол христианской церкви и причины падения империи. Яркими красками автор рисует портреты императоров и императриц, военных узурпаторов и духовных лидеров, талантливых ученых и знаменитых куртизанок. Отдельная глава посвящена евнухам – особой влиятельной касте, вершившей большую политику. Тонкий знаток эпохи, Джудит Херрин воссоздает картины повседневной жизни императорского двора: блеск золота, роскошь одеяний, сложные обряды, изысканные развлечения «рожденных в пурпуре». С особым вниманием автор освещает духовную сторону жизни империи, объясняет причины возвращения от иконоборчества к иконопочитанию и в очередной раз доказывает, что именно Византия – первая христианская империя, принявшая за основу духовный подвиг, – смогла сдержать исламскую экспансию и предотвратить завоевание Европы.

  •  Картина мира в пословицах русского народа
     Даниленко Валерий Петрович
     Старинное, Старинная литература, Наука, Образование, Культурология, Языкознание, Научная литература

    Цель этой книги – наметить путь к систематизации русских пословиц. Они рассматриваются на фоне истории России. На их материале автор пытается в какой-то мере воссоздать обыденную картину мира русского народа. Анализируемые пословицы систематизируются по пяти рубрикам – мир, физическая природа, живая природа, психика и культура. Последняя в свою очередь состоит из материальной культуры, куда входят пища, одежда, жилище и техника, и духовной культуры, куда входят религия, наука, искусство, нравственность, политика и язык.

    Книга предназначена для тех, кто ценит русскую народную мудрость.

  •  Архив СС. Три доклада
     Эвола Юлиус
     Наука, Образование, Культурология, Религиоведение, Философия

    Мы рады представить вам перевод трех докладов Юлиуса Эволы, сделанных им перед членами СС в Немецко-итальянском обществе «Круг исследований» в Берлине в июне 1938 г. Машинописные оригиналы этих докладов хранятся в Федеральном архиве Германии в г. Кобленц и доступ к ним строго ограничен. Теперь эти доклады можно прочитать в сети Интернет не только на немецком, но и на русском языке.

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